The BASE jump in tandem is when an experienced pilot jumps with a passenger in the front. It is similar to skydiving and is offered in the United States. Tandem BASE becomes a more accessible and legal form of BASE jump. In 1999, a small group of jumpers staged a demonstration jump from the top of El Capitan to protest the park`s refusal to issue permits for the activity. During the descent, the parachute of 60-year-old Jan Davis did not unfold and she fell to death. This proved to be a turning point for the sport. Two years later, the park service changed its management policy to explicitly prohibit BASE activities. What makes the BASE jump wingsuit so attractive also makes it dangerous. The sport takes base jumping – where you jump from a high point, fall freely and use a parachute – and allows it to approach flight. BASE jumpers in wingsuits, known as pilots, wear aerodynamic suits with entangled chambers that fill with air and generate lift. Jumpers can glide forward at speeds of over 140 miles per hour and head through the air with astonishing precision like a powerful flying squirrel.
The sport is mainly practiced in Europe, especially in Switzerland, Norway, France and Italy, where high cliffs are easily accessible and there are few regulations. Northern California is home to the most beautiful natural and man-made objects a jumper could hope for: the end walls of Yosemite Valley, the skyscrapers of San Francisco, electrical antennas, and truss bridges in rural areas. But activity is virtually banned here — and almost everywhere else in the United States. (The only notable exception is the 486-foot-high Perrine Bridge in Twin Falls, Idaho.) It`s forbidden in national parks that contain some of the best cliffs, and jumping onto private property is tricky. A 1985 municipal ordinance makes it illegal to bring parachute equipment anywhere in the tower. It is also illegal to skydive or attempt to skydive from anywhere on the Tour of the Americas. Violations are punishable by a $200 fine. BASE competitions have been held since the early 1980s, using precise landings or freefall aerobatics as evaluation criteria.
In recent years, an official competition has been held on the 452-meter (1,483-foot) Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, judging for the accuracy of the landing.  In 2012, the World Wingsuit League held its first BASE jumping wingsuit competition in China.  As the flight nears its end and the ground approaches rapidly, the base-jumpers deploy their parachutes and slowly return to the ground. The sport`s visceral appeal comes from the fact that no airplanes are needed, participants can jump from anything big enough, and they have full control of their own destiny. BASE jumpers use a single parachute harness and container system. Since there is only one parachute, BASE jump containers are mechanically much simpler than skydiving containers. This simplicity contributes to the safety and reliability of BASE jump equipment by eliminating many malfunctions that can occur with more complicated skydiving equipment. Since there is no reserve parachute, there is no need to cut your parachute, many BASE straps do not include a 3-ring release system. A modern ultra-light BASE system with parachute, container and harness can only weigh 3.9 kilograms (8.6 lbs).  Interpretation of the country`s law around exit points and landing zones may place Springer in a legal grey area.
At Mount Morrison, for example, the Ristow trailhead is in the woods, but the rules near the lake vary: cross the landing zone and you could technically find yourself in nature. Giving up BASE jumping can be difficult, said Chris McNamara, a tall climber, guide writer and business owner in South Lake Tahoe who left the sport in the mid-2000s after five years. “Flying your body close to the terrain at 100 miles per hour in epic mountain ranges is probably the most incredible thing humans do,” he wrote in a 2016 essay subtitled “Why I Abandoned the Wingsuit Base.” But he had a few close phone calls and his friends started to die — dozens of them when he stopped. At the age of 17, he made 90 parachute jumps at the Skydive Lodi Parachute Center and practiced tracking and canopy. While hanging out in the drop zone, Ristow noticed a certain crew sneaking up with their parachute backpacks at the end of the day: BASEJUMPER. He offered to drive them to departure points at night, serve as ground staff and practice packing their parachutes. As of September 8, 2022, the BASE death list records 439 deaths for BASE jumping since April 1981.  Since the New River Gorge Bridge Day and the Perrine Bridge in Twin Falls, Idaho, are the only legal base jumping outlets in the United States, the only qualified jumpers are those who have jumped in the past two years, jumped at least a hundred times, and completed a training course.
“Sport is growing. Every year more and more people join and there`s no reason to assume that fewer jumps or jumps are performed overall,” says Gerdes, referring to the increase in wingsuit sales. Due to the risk of traffic congestion and pedestrian infractions, some buildings in cities also call BASE jumping illegal. It is not difficult to recognize the appeal of BASE Jumping: it is the next analogue to the realization of the universal dream of human flight. But identifying as a base jumper means aligning oneself with a controversial lifestyle that is widely seen as deadly dangerous, morally indefensible, and against the law. Most of the 12 jumpers I interviewed for this article showed some sting about the public`s perception of the sport, its representation in the news, and its legal status. Base jumping is an incredibly dangerous sport that should only be tried by those who have been properly trained. It is estimated that an accident while participating in this activity is 43 times more likely than simply skydiving from an airplane. According to BLiNC Magazine, a website dedicated to the sport, more than 425 people have died in base jumping since 1981.
Anyone considering trying this activity for the first time should consult with certified and experienced jumpers and receive appropriate training in advance. The National Park Service has banned BASE jumping in U.S. national parks. The agency comes from 36 CFR 2.17 (3), which prohibits “the delivery or recovery of any person or object by parachute, helicopter or other airborne means, except in the case of an emergency involving public safety or serious damage to property, or under the terms of a permit.” According to this regulation, BASE is not prohibited, but permitted if a permit is granted by the Superintendent. The 2001 National Park Service management policies state that BASE “is not an appropriate public use activity in areas of national parks… (Administrative Policy 2001 22.214.171.124.) However, Directive 126.96.36.199 of the 2006 volume of the National Park Service Management Policies, which replaced the 2001 edition, states: “Parachuting (or BASE jumping), whether from an aircraft, structure or natural feature, is generally prohibited by 36 CFR 2.17(a)(3). However, if a park planning process determines that it is an appropriate activity, it may be approved under a permit. Base-jumpers can be accused of trespassing, vandalism, and reckless endangerment, depending on the structure. It is no longer possible to jump from the Tower of the Americas due to recent renovations to the observation deck. Every year on the third Saturday in October, the Bridge Day Festival is held in Fayette County, West Virginia. During this celebration, basejumpers are encouraged to jump off the 876-foot New River Gorge Bridge, which is one of the tallest vehicle bridges in the world. Jumps can also be made at other times of the year, but approval is required in advance, requiring a bit of extra planning and paperwork.
Still, BASEJUMPERS will make special trips just to add this impressive stature to their resume. As long as they have the required 50 parachute jumps. One of those jumpers was Dan Conables, an unemployed Hollywood stuntman. According to a 1987 Express News article, Conboles gesticulated for silence as terrified onlookers watched him tie up his parachute and climb over the safety bars of the Tower of the Americas. The Jin Mao building in Shanghai has become famous in the past for holding base jump demonstrations. The building hosted the 2004 International BASE Jump Show, and dozens of jumpers have since jumped 1,174 feet. In 2004, 37 jumpers from 1 to 5 countries jumped from the tower to celebrate China`s National Day. The tower has 88 floors and is known for its strong winds. The “BASE” in BASE jumping is actually an acronym for the four types of solid objects that athletes may be able to jump while participating in the sport: buildings, antenna, spans (often refers to bridges and land (cliffs or other rock formations). His first basic jump was in 2015, shortly after he turned 18. A jumper he was on the ground for took him one night to a local antenna — a popular but illegal exit point 400 feet above the ground.
Ristow remembers being climbed up, the antenna shaking in the wind, and then equipping himself on a service platform just before the first light. He remembers the cows mooing in the field below and the chirping of birds. “If I hadn`t been so scared, I would have appreciated it much more,” he said. Ristow, a 22-year-old bike mechanic from Los Gatos with blonde hair and a dull beard, wants to bring BASE culture out of the darkness. By pioneering and filming his exploits in the remote Sierra – places where most people have never set foot, let alone jumped – Ristow is working on a documentary that he hopes will open people up to the sport he loves and remove some of the stigma associated with it.